Marine Subsidies in Freshwater: Effects of Salmon Carcasses on Lipid Class and Fatty Acid Composition of Juvenile Coho Salmon

Returning adult salmon represent an important source of energy, nutrients, and biochemicals to their natal streams and may therefore have a quantitative effect on the energy levels of stream-resident salmonids. We tested this hypothesis by constructing simulated streams for coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch to which we added 0, 1, and 4 carcasses/m2 (0, 0.71, and 2.85 kg wet mass/m2) of pink salmon O. gorbuscha. After 60 d we evaluated the lipid class and fatty acid composition of rearing coho salmon from the simulated streams; the lipid content and triacylglycerols of the coho salmon increased with increasing carcass density whereas phospholipids
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Alaska King Crab: Fatty Acid Composition, Carotenoid Index and Proximate Analysis

Proximate analysis, carotenoid index, and fatty acid composition of the lipids were determined on five separate types of cooked and frozen king crab meat. Similar fatty acid content was found in all types of meat. Eight fatty acids (16:0, 16:1, 18:0, 18:1, 20:1, 22:1, 20:5 and 22:6) accounted for about 77% of the total fatty acid content; 26 others were found in low quantities. Fatty acid 20:5 was predominant acid (20.0–29.5%) followed by 18:1 (15.0–17.1%) and 22:6 (10.2–11.2%). Polyunsaturated acids were predominant (50.2–56.4%) in all types of meat followed by 29.8–33.5% for monounsaturated acids and 14.6–17.0% for saturated acids. Proximate
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Nutritional composition and sensory attributes of Alaskan flatfishes compared to plaice (Pleuronectes platessa)

Proximate composition, fatty acids profiles and other nutritional values were evaluated for fillets of Limanda aspera (yellowfin sole), Lepidopsetta bilineata (southern rock sole) and Lepidopsetta polyxystra (northern rock sole) and compared to North Sea plaice (Pleuronectes platessa). Additional information is given on the composition of fillets from arrowtooth flounder (Atheresthes stomias). Plaice (0.8% lipid) and Alaska soles (1.0–1.2% lipid) can be classified as lean species, resulting in low 0.3–0.5 g ∑EPA+DHA/100 g muscle, although the fatty acid profiles of the extracted lipids were characterised by high amount of n-3 fatty acids (33.2–47.3%). Arrowtooth flounder belong to the medium-fat species (4.3%).
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Stabilizing Oils from Smoked Pink Salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha)

Smoking of meats and fish is one of the earliest preservation technologies developed by humans. In this study, the smoking process was evaluated as a method for reducing oxidation of pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) oils and also maintaining the quality of oil in aged fish prior to oil extraction. Salmon heads that were subjected to high temperatures (95 °C) during smoking unexpectedly produced oils with fewer products of oxidation than their unprocessed counterparts, as measured by peroxide value (PV), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), and fatty acids (FA). Higher temperatures and longer smoking times resulted in correspondingly lower quantities of
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